In the United States, each year, more than 75% of the 1.7 million traumatic brain injuries are classified as closed head injuries. Closed head injuries are a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that can include injuries like: intracranial hematomas, concussions, diffuse axonal injury, and cerebral contusions. A closed head injury occurs when the skull and membrane surrounding the brain remain unscathed following a TBI.

Closed Head Injuries

  • Cerebral Contusion: 20-30% of all TBIs are cerebral contusions which is when the brain tissue is bruised causing blood to leak into the brain. This causes swelling in the brain.
  • Intracranial Hematoma: is when there is swelling in the brain, which should be treated as an emergency. This type of injury can be fatal as it causes blood to leak between the brain and skull.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI): This is one of the most severe types of TBIs and in 90% of all cases, the person does not regain consciousness. This is when lesions cover parts of the brain. Victims who are able to regain consciousness have severe physical and cognitive issues.


Accidental falls are the leading cause for closed head injuries, however, there are a number of reasons that a closed head injury may occur. Children under the age of four and elderly people are 75% more likely to fall than the average person. The following are common causes of closed head injuries:

  • Falling
  • Playing sports (concussions are most likely the type of closed head injury received)
  • Violent acts
  • Vehicle accidents


Following an accident where a head injury is suspected, it will be important to carefully watch for a number of symptoms:

  • Headaches
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Slurred Speech

It will be vital to seek immediate medical attention for treatment if the head injury causes seizures, coma or loss of consciousness.


Closed head injuries can have a lasting impact on those who suffer from them:

  • They are the leading cause of fatalities, physical limitations and cognitive disabilities in children under four.
  • A person can be left with physical, psychological and cognitive impairments following a closed head injury.
  • More than half of people who suffer closed head injuries experience some type of psychological issues.
  • A victim can develop anxiety disorders such as depressions, self esteem issues, phobias, etc.

It is important that you consult with an attorney, like a brain injury lawyer Memphis TN relies on,  if you have been diagnosed with a closed head injury due to someone else’s negligence. You will be wondering whether or not you are entitled to compensation. An attorney can protect your rights and simplify the legal process, while helping to decipher the settlement you could receive by taking a look at your case.


Thanks to our friends from Darrell Castle and Associates, PLLC for their insights into brain and personal injury cases.